Maritime narcotics trafficking in the Western Indian Ocean: Threat to regional maritime security

Publication Type:

Journal Articles

Source:

Maritime Affairs: Journal of the National Maritime Foundation of India (2021)

URL:

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09733159.2021.1963044

Keywords:

Illicit drug trade, Makran Coast, regional maritime security initiative, Western Indian Ocean

Abstract:

Maritime narcotics trafficking in the Indian Ocean has increasingly become a major security concern for India and other countries in the region, with the Afghanistan–Pakistan corridor being the primary conduit facilitating illegal drug trade via the sea-route in the Western Indian Ocean. However, there is a gap in understanding the extent and manner of the criminal syndicate involvement in the maritime narcotics drug trafficking in the region. This commentary looks at the emerging maritime-bound illicit drug trafficking in the region and also analyses the modus of operandi of the criminal syndicate in Pakistan to evade detection from the law-enforcement. It also examines the role of Combined Maritime Force (CMF) and regional navies in detecting and tracking the maritime narcotics trafficking in the Western Indian Ocean.