Geoenvironment and weathering of silicate minerals in sediments of the Brahmaputra river, India: Implications for heavy metal pollution assessment

Publication Type:

Journal Articles


Geosystems and Geoenvironment, Volume 1, Issue 3 (2022)



We carried out detailed compositional studies on fifteen sediment samples from the Brahmaputra River that were collected in the pre-monsoon period, to obtain the inherent contamination factor. The present study demonstrates that the degrees of metal contamination in the sediments of the Brahmaputra river. Typical  metals Fe, Al, Ti, Pb, Zn, Cu, Ni, Co, Mn and Cr, have been evaluated using several parameters like, enrichment factor (EF), contamination factor (CF), geo-accumulation index (Igeo) and pollution load index (PLI). The relative distributions of the contamination are found to be:  Al > Fe > Ca > Mg > Ti > Mn > Cr > Cu > Zn > Ni > Pb > Co. The suspended sediments have been found to be moderately contaminated by the elements Cu, Pb, Cr, Mn and Ni. The nature of weathering is estimated using plagioclase index of alteration (PIA), chemical index of alteration (CIA), chemical index of weathering (CIW) and index of compositional variation (ICV). The studied suspended sediment samples indicate an intermediate silicate weathering of adjoins area.